The Piano Teacher (2001)

Cinema is full of boundary pushing figures and movements. Throughout film history, in content and in form, there have always been the cutting-edge auteurs pushing the medium to the further innovation. The logical progression of these experimental artists manifests itself in the, debatably still ongoing, New French Extremity movement. Beginning just before the turn of the new millennium, The New French Extremists sought to challenge the prevailing social structure in France at the time with brutally honest depictions of drugs, sex, and violence on film, as well as experimental and often abrasive film-making techniques. This style of filmmaking is seemingly…


The early works of Martin Scorsese are characterized by compromise, due to budgetary restrictions, studio interference, or to silence the ratings board. Scorsese only got his first feature film, Who’s That Knocking at My Door, funded by adding a nude sex scene so it could be distributed by the only person interested in making it: an adult film producer named Joe Brenner. Increasing pressure from Miramax caused many headaches on the set of Gangs of New York; the studio was all but abandoning the film while it was still being shot. Extras were leaving, and props were being taken away…


Language is a tool used to communicate ideas, and language is a versatile tool that comes in many forms. For example, this essay is written in an American dialect of English, but language can also be felt physically via braille or visually, as in sign language or even film can be a form of language. However, language is naturally deceptive and difficult to utilize fully, so every so often what you intend to communicate gets lost in translation. Audiences of Martin Scorsese’s The Last Temptation of Christ received a firsthand view of this occurrence in a seemingly insignificant scene towards…


Taxi Driver was released in 1976 and continues to be debated, interpreted, and enjoyed by moviegoers to this day. Written by Paul Schrader, at the time an up and coming Hollywood screenwriter, its poignant messaging stands at the forefront of the film. Schrader’s script was picked up by Martin Scorsese soon after Scorsese’s previous film, Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore, won the Academy award for lead actress. The protagonist of the script, Travis Bickle, was brought to life by Robert De Niro, now an Oscar-winning actor. The collaboration of these men’s talents is what would create the framework for Taxi…

Bradley Lane

like Cahiers du Cinema in the 50s but if it were stupid

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